Forest Management Plan ( FMP ) is prepared to plan programs, projects and activities of forest management for 10 years , from 2006 to 2015, taking into account the preservation of the environment, biodiversity and socio -economic interests of the state in the forestry sector
1.1. Goals and Strategies
FMP is based on Kedah State Forest Policy adopted from the National Forest Policy , among others, to ensure the sustainability of PFE (HSK ) , the development and implementation of forest restoration , industrial growth , the use of information and communication technology (ICT ) in forest management and improve public awareness of the importance of forest resources .
Among the strategies used to achieve the FMP goals are : -
• Strengthen security holdings HSK ,
• Implement Cutting Management System Choosing ( SMS ) ,
• Modernize and enhance the ability of the wood-based industry ,
• Promoting reforestation including the establishment of forest plantations ,
• Increase the use of technology in forestry activities ,
• Creating a forestry information system through a comprehensive database
2.0 Forest Resources
Total area is 942.600 hectares of Kedah where HSK and their CHSK is covering an area of 300.845 hectares and 35,567 hectares, covering 37 percent of the land area . Covering an area of 300.845 hectares, 6,201 hectares of this is the Mangrove Forest .
HSK play an important role in maintaining the stability of the environment and the protection of biodiversity . In addition, it also serves as a major source of water resources for agriculture , industry and domestic use .
In terms of socio -economic , HSK men and contribute to the supply of raw wood material for wood -based industries , create jobs, revenue to the state government and also to meet the needs of society as a lounge area , tourism and so on .
3.0 Objectives and Strategies
In the past 50 years , the area HSK did not show a significant change in 1955 where HSK is an area of 347.992 hectares compared to 342.613 hectares in 2005 . This will enable the implementation of good forest management implemented without affecting town planning . HSK is expected to remain at the status of the existing level to ensure implementation of this FMP .
Forest management in the state has grown in line with the adopted forest management system in which the change of Malaya Peer Systems ( MUS ) to felling Selective Management System (SMS ) have occurred in the early 1990 's.
Changes adalh forest management system in accordance with the technical requirements and changes in the harvesting of lowland dipterocarp forest to hill dipterocarp forest .
4.0 Forest Management Plan
This forest management plan covering a period of 10 years from 2006 to 2015 for natural forest land in the HSK . Forest Management Plan will be provided in berasngan of mangrove swamps in the HSK .
4.1. Forest Classification By Function
HSK classification is done according to the provisions of Section 10 , National Forestry Act 1984 so that the forest can be zoned for management purposes
In general , this classification is divided into protection forest and production forest area respectively 184,831.50 157,781.50 hectares and hectares .
4.2 . Protection
Protection of forest areas in the Forest Protection HSK consists of 23,291 hectares of land area , forest area of 121.904 hectares of water catchment , Virgin Forest Reserve Forest area of 3,675.60 hectares , 2,274 hectares of recreational forest area , forest area of 2,998.90 hectares of Education and Research Forest area of 3,638 hectares.
4.3. Manufacturing and Industry
CTP for FMP period of 2,340 hectares and after taking into account potential areas , the total area that can be harvested is the 9MP period stood at 11,700 hectares.
From an area that will be harvested , is estimated at 961.875 cubic meters of timber able to be issued. Demand is expected based on the main processing plant capacity is 3,346,500 cubic meters in the same period . This deficiency can be overcome through the inclusion of timber from state / neighboring countries or through the main processing capacity reduction .
4.4. Community needs
To meet the needs of the community , the activities carried out involving the establishment, management and maintenance of forest eco- tourism, nature recreation , urban forests and community forests . However, in the RPHini , focusing on the establishment and development of forest -related activities and eco -tourism.
To achieve this goal , a number of potential new areas to be developed as forest which would make the total forest area to 27 .
4.5 . Publicity and Extension Forestry
Publicity and Extension Forestry plays an important role in disseminating information to community forestry . Within these FMPs , the Department plans to publish and distribute information forestry, exhibitions and presenting lectures to students and the public.
4.6. Research and Development
Studies conducted more focused on the things that can give results that can be used to enhance the effectiveness and reach the goal of sustainable forest management . It was carried out on an ad- hoc basis by the staff of the Department with the cooperation and assistance of research institutions and universities .
Infrastructure facilities will be added to improve the efficiency of administration and forest management in the state . For this purpose, the maintenance will be carried out on forest roads and buildings, as well as build new buildings as well as the acquisition of vehicles and equipment work . The Department also plans to develop a forestry information system involving the application management system ( MUS ) and Geographic Information Systems ( GIS ) .
4.8. Administration and Finance
Kedah State Forestry Administration remains as in the previous FMP , however , to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of forest management and administration , the department plans to restructure its organization structure which involves the addition of staff. Scheduled training will continue to be implemented to forestry staff and store employees to enhance their knowledge and skills .
Forest resources will continue to contribute to state revenue through the collection of premium, royalty , and other charges in the amount of Rs 2,350 million is estimated to be earned in the FMP .
Control of systematic , gradual and effective to be implemented over a period of FMP on all planned activities . Monitoring and evaluation is done by using standards -based approach to the MC & I (2002 ) and MS ISO 9001:2000 Research Institute .
A review of the FMP will be done within at least five ( 5 ) years after implemented in order to assess performance and progress , both financially and physically , and identify problems that arise during the implementation on the ground .